Haemato oncology

Haemato Oncology
The field of haemato-oncology deals with treatment of blood and related cancers. The scope of diseases treated at Mahatma Gandhi Cancer Hospital under the department of Haemato-oncology are acute and chronic leukaemias, Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Aplastic anaemia, Thalassemia, sickle cell anaemia.

Our team of Haemato-oncologists adeptly handle these challenging cases in close co-ordination with our laboratory team and our team of intensivists for optimal management of patients.

Scope Of Services

  • Treatment Of Malignant Haematologic Conditions
  • Treatment Of Benign Haematologic Conditions Like Anaemia, Thrombocytopenia
  • Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Irradiation Of Blood Products

Clinical Hematology is a branch of clinical medicine which deals with diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders and blood cancers of both pediatric and adult population. The department of clinical haematology at MGCHRI provides tertiary care services for patients with haematological disorders both benign and malignant. We Offers a wide range of services ranging from outpatient clinic, inpatient, daycare facility and laboratory under one roof. In addition, we also provide advanced services like blood irradiation facility, stem cell aphaeresis and advanced bone marrow transplantation etc., which are essential for high end complete haematological services. Our unit is one of the stem cell collection centers in India for the DATRI, a non-profit organization & India’s Largest Unrelated Blood Stem Cell Donor Registry. Our bone marrow transplant facility is the first of its kind in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Diseases Treated Under Clinical Haematology

Acute Leukemia like Acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) and Acute myeloid leukemia(AML)
Acute Leukemia is a type of cancer that mainly affects white blood cells. It is caused when errors arise in bone marrow cells and hoard functionless blood cells

Chronic Leukemia
Chronic Leukemia progresses very slow as compared to the rapid proliferation of Acute Leukemia.

Plasma Cell disorders(Multiple myeloma)
Plasma cell disorders are a wide spectrum of disorders in which clones of malignant plasma cells over-produce and release into the bloodstream.

Lymphoma – Hodgkin / Non Hodgkin(NHL)
Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. Cancer begins in the infection-fighting cells and can occur in the lymph nodes, thymus, bone marrow, spleen and other parts of the body.

Myeloproliferative Neoplasms(CML, Polycythemia, Myelofibrosis, ET)
Myeloproliferative Neoplasms refers to cancer caused due to the uncontrollable increase of red or white blood cells or platelets.

Thalassemia, sickle cell anemia and other haemoglobinopathies
The genetic diseases of haemoglobin cause Thalassemia and other structural haemoglobin variants.

Aplastic anemia
Empty bone marrow
All types of coagulation and thrombotic disorders
Coagulation defect refers to the blood’s inability to form clots which can lead to bleeding diathesis. Thrombosis, on the other hand, refers to the formation of blood clots that obstruct the blood flow of the circulatory system.

Haemoglobin and platelet disorders (ITP)

Diagnosis of Haematological Diseases

The haematologists mostly work along with other medical specialists. Depending on the symptoms and severity of the condition, the doctor can recommend one or more of these procedures for diagnosis:

  • Complete Blood Count (CBC) and peripheral smear
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.
  • Lymphnone Biopsy
  • PET and MRI scans to stage many lymphomas and myelomas
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Molecular tests to look for mutations
  • Cytogenetics to look for chromosomal changes in cancer cells
  • Histopathology to look at tissue biopsies at the microscopic level
Services Given

After diagnosis, a specialist chooses from treatment and therapy options based on the type and severity of the disorder. Few of the treatments include:

  • Blood transfusions
  • Stem cell or bone marrow transplantation
  • Immunotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Bonemarrow aspiration and biopsy
  • Day care facility
  • Blood irradiation
  • Haematology Lab